Colposcopy is a procedure that allows a physician to examine a woman's cervix and vagina using a special microscope called a colposcope. It is used to check for precancerous or abnormal areas.
Colposcopy is used to identify or rule out the existence of any precancerous conditions in the cervical tissue. If a Pap test shows abnormal cell growth, colposcopy is usually the first follow-up test performed. The physician will attempt to find the area that produced the abnormal cells and remove it for further study (biopsy) and diagnosis.
Colposcopy is used in the emergency department to examine victims of sexual assault and abuse and document any physical evidence of vaginal injury.
An instrument called a speculum is inserted to hold the vagina open, and the gynaecologist looks at the cervix and vagina using a colposcope, a low-power microscope designed to magnify the cervix 10–40 times its normal size. Most colposcopes are connected to a video monitor that displays the area of interest. Photographs are taken during the examination to document abnormal areas.
The colposcope is placed outside the patient's body and never touches the skin. The cervix and vagina are swabbed with dilute acetic acid (vinegar). The solution highlights abnormal areas by turning them white (instead of a normal pink color). Abnormal areas can also be identified by looking for a characteristic pattern made by abnormal blood vessels.
If any abnormal areas are seen, the doctor will take a biopsy of the tissue, a common procedure that takes about 15 minutes. Several samples might be taken, depending on the size of the abnormal area. A biopsy may cause temporary discomfort and cramping, which usually go away within a few minutes. If the abnormal area appears to extend inside the cervical canal, a scraping of the canal may also be done. The biopsy results are usually available within a week.
If the tissue sample indicates abnormal growth (dysplasia) or is precancerous, and if the entire abnormal area can be seen, the doctor can destroy the tissue using one of several procedures, including ones that use high heat (diathermy), extreme cold (cryosurgery), or lasers. Another procedure, called a loop electrosurgical excision (LEEP), uses low-voltage, high-frequency radio waves to excise tissue. If any of the abnormal tissue is within the cervical canal, a cone biopsy (removal of a conical section of the cervix for inspection) will be needed.
Women who are pregnant, or who suspect that they are pregnant, must tell their doctor before the procedure begins. Pregnant women may undergo colposcopy if they have an abnormal Pap test; special precautions, however, must be taken during biopsy of the cervix.
Colposcopy does not require any anaesthetics medication because pain is minimal. If a biopsy is done, there may be mild cramps or a sharp pinching when the tissue is removed.
If a biopsy was done, there may be a dark vaginal discharge afterwards. After the sample is removed, the doctor applies Monsel's solution to the area to stop the bleeding. When this mixes with blood, it creates a black fluid that looks like coffee grounds. This fluid may be present for a couple of days after the procedure. It is also normal to have some spotting after colposcopy. Pain-relieving medication can be taken to lessen any postprocedural cramping.
If visual inspection shows that the surface of the cervix is smooth and pink, this is considered normal. Areas that look abnormal may actually be normal variations; a biopsy will indicate whether the tissue is normal or abnormal.
Bio – Kamla Nagar Hospital has a well established Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecologist in jodhpur. KNH provides excellent Doctors in jodhpur and healthcare services for expectant mothers in need of special attention during and post pregnancy.
Most Recent Articles
- Dec 13, 2017 ORGANIC - THE NEW FACE OF SUPPLEMENTS by Guest
- Dec 8, 2017 Vitamix Laboratories Earns Organic Facility Certification by luis kelly
- Dec 7, 2017 GABA - Out of Balance By Dr Braverman by Eric Braverman
- Dec 1, 2017 ABH Natures Products by ABH Natures
- Nov 24, 2017 Methionine By Dr Braverman by Eric Braverman
- Nov 24, 2017 Company Overview of ABH Natures Products Inc by ABH Natures
- Nov 22, 2017 Foods That Should Be Avoided Before Going to Sleep by Guest
- Nov 16, 2017 These 3 Supplements Could Protect You From the Effects of Radiation by Eric Braverman
- Nov 8, 2017 Fall Fitness Ideas From a Personal Trainer Portland by Guest
- Nov 8, 2017 Benefits of Adding Meditation To You Personal Training Portland Routine by Guest
Colposcopy is a procedure that allows a physician to examine a woman's cervix and vagina using a special microscope called a colposcope. It is...
Personal fitness is one of the growing concerns of present times. Fitness is not only about reaching your optimum body weight, but it's about...
The other day my car started making a clunking noise, it had been on the drive for about a year. After further investigation I discovered the coil...
Another recipe thanks to the Good Cooking Club.com See the bootom of the recipe for the link to the site. Sometimes it is nice to cook your own...
Boost Your SEO